This is probably a trivial problem and the solution may already be known.
I see that there is a problem in filling small values in TGraph2D. I write here two sets of codes which can show the problem. [1] is with the normal values and works. [2] is with values scaled by 10^-4 and 10^-7.
In [2] you can see that the gaussian structure is not visible and only flat surface is visible.

I tried changing the range of the axis, but it doesnt work.

Does anyone have a fix to it?

ROOT Version: 6.22/08

Thanks
Shilpi

[1] Working one

{
TCanvas *c = new TCanvas("c","Graph2D example",0,0,600,400);
Double_t x, y, z, P = 6.;
Int_t np = 200;
TGraph2D *dt = new TGraph2D();
dt->SetTitle("Graph title; X axis title; Y axis title; Z axis title");
TRandom *r = new TRandom();
for (Int_t N=0; N<np; N++) {
x = 2*P*(r->Rndm(N))-P;
y = 2*P*(r->Rndm(N))-P;
z = (sin(x)/x)*(sin(y)/y)+0.2;
dt->SetPoint(N,x,y,z);
}
gStyle->SetPalette(1);
dt->Draw("surf1");
return c;
}

[2]

When filled with small values

{
TCanvas *c = new TCanvas("c","Graph2D example",0,0,600,400);
Double_t x, y, z, P = 6.;
Int_t np = 200;
TGraph2D *dt = new TGraph2D();
dt->SetTitle("Graph title; X axis title; Y axis title; Z axis title");
TRandom *r = new TRandom();
for (Int_t N=0; N<np; N++) {
x = 2*P*(r->Rndm(N))-P;
y = 2*P*(r->Rndm(N))-P;
z = (sin(x)/x)*(sin(y)/y)+0.2;
dt->SetPoint(N,x*10e-4,y*10e-7,z);
}
gStyle->SetPalette(1);
dt->Draw("surf1");
return c;
}

I tried with option P0 instead of surf1. this option simply plots the dots with a marker at the position you gave. It looks like [1] gives a Gaussian but [2] gives a flat cloud of points all in the same plane.

thanks for the check. So I suppose the axis should be changed?
I wonder this should have picked the appropriate range of axis on its own. However this doesn’t seem to be the case. I essentially need to draw contours later on. With these small values, it doesn’t have a graph associated with it. Essentially contLevel->GetSize() = 0

Would you have a suggestion?

Thanks
Shilpi

{
TCanvas *c = new TCanvas("c","Graph2D example",0,0,600,400);
Double_t x, y, z, P = 6.;
Int_t np = 200;
TGraph2D *gr2d = new TGraph2D();
gr2d->SetTitle("Graph title; X axis title; Y axis title; Z axis title");
TRandom *r = new TRandom();
for (Int_t N=0; N<np; N++) {
x = 2*P*(r->Rndm(N))-P;
y = 2*P*(r->Rndm(N))-P;
z = ((sin(x)/x)*(sin(y)/y)+0.2)*100;
gr2d->SetPoint(N,x*10e-4,y*10e-7,z);
}
gStyle->SetPalette(1);
double clev = 2.3;
gr2d->GetHistogram()->SetContour(1, &clev);
gr2d->Draw("CONT LIST");
gPad->Update();
TObjArray *contours = (TObjArray *)gROOT->GetListOfSpecials()->FindObject("contours");
assert(contours);
TList *newlist = 0;
cout<<"Number of contours "<<contours->GetEntriesFast()<<endl;
for (int ci=0; ci<contours->GetEntriesFast(); ci++) {
TList *contLevel = (TList*)contours->At(ci);
printf("%f: Contour %d has %d Graphs\n", clev, ci, contLevel->GetSize());
if (contLevel->GetSize()) {
assert(contLevel->First());
TGraph *curv = (TGraph*)(contLevel->First());
}
} // contour loop
}

{
auto c = new TCanvas("c","Graph2D example",0,0,600,400);
Double_t x, y, z, P = 6.;
Int_t np = 200;
auto dt = new TGraph2D();
auto h2 = new TH2D("h2","h2",100,-9*10e-4,9*10e-4,100,-9*10e-7,9*10e-7);
dt->SetTitle("Graph title; X axis title; Y axis title; Z axis title");
dt->SetHistogram(h2);
TRandom *r = new TRandom();
for (Int_t N=0; N<np; N++) {
x = 2*P*(r->Rndm(N))-P;
y = 2*P*(r->Rndm(N))-P;
z = (sin(x)/x)*(sin(y)/y)+0.2;
dt->SetPoint(N,x*10e-4,y*10e-7,z);
}
dt->Draw("P0"); // work
//dt->Draw("TRI"); // crash
}

But the TRI option (using the Delaunay triangles which are also used to fill the histogram) crashes. I have no explanation for the time being.