Std::any in c++17 in ROOT and pyROOT

I compile ROOT from source by using the following settings:

cmake -Dbuiltin_afterimage=ON -Dxrootd=OFF -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=../root_install -DCMAKE_CXX_COMPILER=g++ -DCMAKE_C_COMPILER=gcc -DCMAKE_CXX_STANDARD=17 and -Droot7=ON ../root_src

The compilation is successful. But following command failed:

root [3] std::any a(12)
ROOT_prompt_3:1:6: error: no member named ‘any’ in namespace ‘std’

std::any is a c++17 feature. I was assuming ROOT will be able to handle this after enable c++17.

_ROOT Version: root.6.28.08
_Platform: unbuntu

emphasized text

root [0] #include <any>
root [1] std::any a(12)
(std::any &) @0x7fba7b256010
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Thanks. adding the command #include solve the problem.
How to use std::any in pyROOT? I tried the following:

import ROOT
a = ROOT.std.any()
Traceback (most recent call last):
File “”, line 1, in
AttributeError: <namespace cppyy.gbl.std at 0x558f5c6b83a0> has no attribute ‘any’. Full details:
type object ‘std’ has no attribute ‘any’
‘std::any’ is not a known C++ class
‘any’ is not a known C++ template
‘any’ is not a known C++ enum

Try: ROOT.gROOT.ProcessLine('#include <any>')
or: ROOT.gInterpreter.ProcessLine('#include <any>')
or (better?): ROOT.gInterpreter.Declare('#include <any>')

@Axel What is actually the best way to deal with it? Via “gROOT” or “gInterpreter”? Using “ProcessLine” or “ProcessLineSynch” or “Declare”?

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For header inclusion, Declare is probably best as it has less side-effects and tries to perform less magic behind the scenes.

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Here is a follow up question on the format of std::vector or std::map in ROOT6.26.08 with c++17 turned on.

The following command doesn’t work:

>>> a = ROOT.std.vector[string]()
       Traceback (most recent call last):
        File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
        NameError: name 'string' is not defined

but the old way still works:

      >>> a = ROOT.std.vector['string']()

Is this a bug or feature?

Not a bug, the Python interpreter correctly complains that it doesn’t know what string means. It’s not a variable name nor a Python type.

ROOT.std.vector[ROOT.std.string] should also work.


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