P-value from Gaussian test one tail

Hello, i’ve to estimate the p-value and the agreement from a gaussian test at one tail.

I calculated
t= |x0-x1|/sqrt{sigma_x1^2+sigma_x2^2}

now I’ve to calculate the p-value by a gaussian test at one tail. Is there a method by ROOT?

Maybe @moneta you know it?



To compute the p-value (one-sided) for a gaussian you can use

double pvalue = ROOT::Math::normal_cdf_c( x, sigma);

where typically you have sigma=1.
For computing the significance given the p-value you can use

double z = ROOT::Math::normal_quantile_c(pvalue, sigma=1); 


Hi @moneta thank you

who is x in your formula? maybe is it my t in the formula



Yes, x is your normalised random variable, i.e t in your case.
However, since you are defining t using the abs(x0-x1), the p-value will be:

double pvalue = 2 * ROOT::Math::normal_cdf_c( t, 1.);


Thank you @moneta last thing

if I use
double pvalue = 2 * ROOT::Math::normal_cdf_c( t, 1.);
being t=0.24, I get

root [20] double pvalue = 2*ROOT::Math::normal_cdf_c(0.24, 1)
(double) 0.81033026

and the agreement

root [21] double z = ROOT::Math::normal_quantile_c(pvalue, 1)
(double) -0.87911396

is it normal that I get a negative value of the number of sigma? (i.e. Nsigma=-0.88)? Or isn’t z the number of sigma?

since you are considering the p-value from both tails, for getting the significance you should do:

double z = ROOT::Math::normal_quantile_c(pvalue/2., 1);

and you will get again z=0.24


Thank you @moneta

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