Ok, that’s very interesting. So there are two things and btw I’m also on ROOT v6.22.
First, I was using a TChain to load my ntuple and if I check the value of the bit it’s already “False”. I modified a bit your example to reproduce this. So this might be a bug in TChain.
Second, if I load the ntuple with TFile and TTree and reset the bin correclty, I can add the Friend tree. However, if I load the ntuple with the friendtree in a RDataFrame, as it is suggested in the documentation, I get again the error message :
Error in : Tree ‘t’ has the kEntriesReshuffled bit set, and cannot be used as friend nor can be added as a friend unless the main tree has a TTreeIndex on the friend tree ‘t2’. You can also unset the bit manually if you know what you are doing.
So this might be a bug in RDataFrame. I also modified a bit your example to reproduce this.
ROOT.RDataFrame(10).Define("x", "42").Snapshot("t", "f.root")
chain = ROOT.TChain("t")
f = ROOT.TFile("f.root")
t = f.Get("t")
ROOT.RDataFrame(10).Define("y", "43").Snapshot("t2", "f2.root")
f2 = ROOT.TFile("f2.root")
t2 = f2.Get("t2")
rdf = ROOT.RDataFrame(t)
h = rdf.Histo1D("x")